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Corneal Transplant

Maryland Corneal Transplant Providers – Solomon Eye Physicians and Surgeons

Corneal transplantation was the first human transplant and one of the most frequently performed transplants in the United States annually. Since the inception of the modern day Penetrating Keratoplasty (PKP) in the early 1960's over half a million successful cases have restored vision to men, women, and children of every age.

Until recently the surgical procedure which replaces a disc-shaped segment of an impaired cornea with a similarly shaped piece of healthy donor cornea has been the standard method of surgical treatment. Historically, PKP was performed by cutting a vertical wound through the full-thickness of the cornea, replacing the damaged cornea, and stitching the wound closed. Unfortunately, the PKP caused a weakened cornea and the sutures also created an irregular curvature of the new refractive corneal surface. This ultimately generated a permanently distorted image.

Other Corneal Transplant Procedures


What happens at a Pre-operative evaluation?

You will meet with Dr. Solomon for an examination in the weeks to months prior to surgery. Dr. Solomon will examine the eye and diagnose the condition. He will then discuss the different treatment options, and the risks and benefits of the various modalities. Should you elect to proceed with surgery from Dr. Solomon, you must sign an informed consent form. Then a date and time will be set for the procedure. You will be asked to see your primary care physician for a medical evaluation prior to you surgical date. Please bring a list of all your medications with you to the exam. It is very important to feel comfortable with your surgeon prior to any intervention.

Understanding the procedures and potential complication is imperative. Research your options and ask for references.

What to expect Post-operatively?

Immediately after the procedure you are expected to remain in the supine position ( flat on your back) for one hour, while the donor tissue settles into position. Dr. Solomon will then examine the eye before you are allowed to leave the surgical center. Once assured of appropriate healing, you are expected to remain in a reclined position until your first follow-up visit the next day. You will then return in one week after the operation, and then every month for the next three months. Patients are able to resume most normal activities the next day, wear eye makeup one week post-operatively, and swim four weeks after surgery. An antibiotic eye drop is used for one week following surgery, and a mild anti-inflammatory drop is used for 9 to 12 months to help minimize the chance of rejection. Patients are to return to their referring Ophthalmologist at the earliest convenience, once Dr. Solomon has determined that the graft is stable.

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